Digital Tbucket Tank (DTT)

CERN took a look at the hyperons. You examine the "final frontier" of the Standard Model

Collisions between high energy protons allowed the view of unusual hyperons for the first time. They are counted among the foreign particles. They are baryons that contain at least one odd quark. Hyperons are likely to be found in the nuclei of neutron stars, so examining them could reveal a lot about the stars themselves and the environment with such extremely packed matter.

Are hyperons Hadrons, ie particles that consist of at least two quarks. Interactions between hadrons take place through strong interactions. We don't know much about the interactions between hadrons, and most of that knowledge comes from studies using protons and neutrons. The nature of the strong interactions makes them very difficult to make theoretical predictions about. It is therefore difficult to study theoretically how hadrons interact with one another. Understanding these interactions is often referred to as the "final frontier" of the Standard Model.

Image source: Pixabay

Protons, neutrons and hyperons consist of three quarks. However, while protons and neutrons only consist of the upper and lower quarks, hyperons contain at least one odd one Quark. The study of hyperons gives us new information about the strong interaction.

During the research, CERN scientists who worked on ALICE experiment work, the results of high-energy protons that lead to "sources" of particles that appear around the collision site. Quarks and gluons interact and form new particles. Pairs of hyperons and protons are also formed. By measuring the correlations of impulses in such pairs, scientists can get information about how they work together.

Such interactions can be predicted to a limited extent based on modeling the behavior of quarks and gluons. Recent research has shown that the predictions match the measurements almost perfectly. You can research the details in Nature read.